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DENHAM, Major Dixon.
Author 2
Capt. Hugh Clapperton.
Narrative of travels and discoveries in northern and central Africa, in the years 1822, 1823, and 1824...extending across the great desert to the tenth degree of latitude, and from Kouka in Bornou, to Sackatoo, the capital of the Fellatah empire.
London, John Murray, 1826.
FIRST EDITION. Quarto, RARE inscribed presentation copy, engraved frontispiece, 36 engraved plates (25 hand coloured), 6 engraved vignettes, all by Finden after the author's drawings, large engraved folding map at end, uncut in original drab boards, rebacked to match, paper label, brown morocco fold-over box by Aquarius, red morocco label, a fine example.
An official expedition to discover the course of the Niger from the starting point of Tripoli, rather than West Africa. Denham and Clapperton were part of the expedition led by Scottish doctor Walter Oudney to open relations with the Fulani kingdom, whose legendary trading centre was Kano, in order to discover the source of the Niger, which was widely believed to flow into Lake Chad. Having crossed the Sahara and found no rivers entering Lake Chad, the party divided with Denham exploring the Shari River and Oudney and Clapperton proceeding to Kano. Oudney died en route but Clapperton was received by the ruler of Kano, Mohammed Bello who, having first supplied an accurate map of the course of the Niger, later backtracked and supplied a misleading map, when he realised the dangers of opening up his kingdom to foreigners. Clapperton rejoined Denham at Lake Chad and back across the Sahara.
Inscribed to Sir James Willoughby Gordon, 1st Baronet (1772-1851), army officer. Gordon enjoyed a successful military career including duty in North America and the Caribbean. He was appointed lieutenant-colonel commandant of the Royal African Corps in 1808, and became colonel in 1810. Later he became a fellow of the R.G.S. from its formation in 1830.
*The book was issued by John Murray with one hand-coloured plate; the additional colour plates in this copy were probably done in the nineteenth century, but not by the published.*

Coloured plates in order:

1. Part of the stony desert near Sockna.
2. Castle at Mourzuk from Mr Ritchie's grave.
3. A Woman of Sockna.
4. View of the Bahir Mandia, from the north.
5. Kanemboo Market Woman / Unmarried Woman of Sudan.
6. Body Guard of the Sheikh of Bornou.
7. Shouaa Women. Kingdom of Bornou.
8. Arrival at Mora. The Capital of Mandara.
9. Mandala Musicians.
10. Attack in Musfeia.
11. The river Gambarou, or Yeou, near Lada.
12. A favourite of the Seraglio, accompanying a military expedition.
13. Kanemboo Spearman / Munga Bowman in the service of the Sheikh of Bornou.
14. Abdel Gassam, a Fellatah from Timboctoo / A Bornouese on a journey.
15. Hut and Carpenters Work Shop.
16. Fishing Boats on the Shary.
17. The river Shary, from the Walls of Kussery.
18. A Loggun Lady / Funha of Maffatai / Abdalahiof Mandara.
19. Hager Theos called by the natives the Foot Stool of Noah.
20. Lancers of the Sultan of Begharmi.
21. Manner of fishing in the river Yeou.
22. Encampment near Woodie, and part of Lake Chad.
23. View inside the town of Sangia in Houssa.
24. Native of Kasuna in Soudan / Negress of Jacoba / Negress of Nyffee / Umburum south of Kano / Goobur and Zamora.
25. Fennecus Cerdo. (large eared dog?)

Gay 337; Playfair, Tripoli, 154 (3rd ed).
Hand coloured plates
Africa, Culture/Lifestyle, Travel/Scenery
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