- ROBERTS, David.
- The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, & Nubia [With] Egypt and Nubia From Drawings made on the spot by David Roberts, R.A. With historical descriptions by the Revd. George Croly. L.L.D. Lithographed by Louis Haghe.
- London: Moon, 1842-1845 & 1846-1849.
- FIRST EDITION. 6 volumes bound in 7 (4 Holy Land, 3 Egypt & Nubia), Deluxe subscribers’ copy, portrait frontispiece, map, 5 pictorial lithograph titles (2 Holy Land, 3 Egypt & Nubia) and 241 (121 full-page, 120 half-page) plates lithographed by Louis Haghe after Roberts, in the scarcest form, with original hand-colour, cut to the edge of the image and mounted on card in imitation of water-colours, as issued, mounted on guards throughout, contemporary brown half morocco gilt, an excellent set. A fine clean set, bound from the original parts of David Roberts’ monumental work in its most desirable format, hand-coloured under the supervision of the artist. In the 1830's tourism in the Holy Land was increasing as the Pasha of Egypt, Muhammad Ali, consolidated his authority and promoted the research into and adoption of European culture. Travel books describing and illustrating the holy sites proliferated, and the scientific investigations of Edward Robinson were published in 1841. David Roberts (1796–1864), a scene-painter for the Pantheon Theatre in Edinburgh, who had established a reputation as a painter of topographical and architectural views, took advantage of the trend to organize a painting expedition to the Holy Land in 1838.
Arriving in Cairo in September 1838, he crossed the desert by way of Suez, Mount Sinai, and Petra, to Gaza and Jerusalem accompanied by tribes of Bedouins, friends and guides. He later visited the Dead Sea, the Lake of Tiberias, Lebanon, and the ruins of Baalbac. Returning to England in late 1839, he sought a publisher willing to produce a lavish edition of his views. Rejected by the Finden Brothers and by John Murray, he signed a contract with Francis Graham Moon in 1840. He and Moon shrewdly promoted their project by organizing a private viewing of Roberts' watercolors and drawings for Queen Victoria, the Archbishop of Canterbury and other influential people who immediately subscribed. They mounted public exhibition of some travel sketches in many British cities, and the favourable press notices attracted additional subscriptions, amounting to nearly double what the project required. His work brought tremendous fame, and historians praised the accuracy of his rendering of architectural details and sculptures.
Coloured plates in order:
Egypt and Nubia. Vol 1.
1. Frontispiece. View under the Grand Portico Philae.
2. Engraved title page. Entrance to the Great Temple of Aboo-Simbel, Nubia.
3. Pyramids of Gerzeh, from the Nile.
4. View on the Nile looking towards The Pyramids of Dasher and Taccara.
5. Pompey's Pillar, Alexandria.
6. Kom Ombo.
7. Temple at Tafa in Nubia.
8. The Great Temple of Aboo-Simble, Nubia (Colossal Figures).
9. Excavated Temple of Gyrshe, Nubia.
10. Portico of the temple of Edfou, Upper Egypt, Nov 24th 1838.
11. Statues of Memnon, Thebes, Dec 4th 1838.
12. Thebes, Dec 4th 1838. [Colossal Statues of Amunoph III]
13. Sanctuary of the Temple of Aboo-Simbel, Nubia.
14. Interior of the Temple of Aboo-Simbel, Nov 9th 1836, Nubia.
15. Ruins of Luxor, from the S.W.
16. General View of the Ruins of Luxor from the Nile, 1838.
17. The Great Sphinx, Pyramids of Gerzeh [side view].
18. The Great Sphinx, Pyramids of Girzeh, July 17th 1839.
19. Dacke in Nubia, Nov 14th 1836.
20. Thebes Great Hall at Karnac, Nov 28th 1838.
21. Obelisk at Alexandria, commonly called Cleopatra's needle.
22. Luxor, Dec 1st 1838 [Obelisk].
23. Wady Maharraka, Nubia, Nov 14th 1838.
24. Temple of Esneh, Nov 25th 1838.
25. Temple of Wady Kardassy in Nubia.
26. General View of the Island of Philae, Nubia, Nov 18th 1838.
27. Abyssinian Slaves resting at Korti, Nubia.
28. Portico of the Temple of Kalabshe.
29. At Luxor, Thebes, Upper Egypt.
30. Libyan Chain of Mountains from the Temple of Luxor.
31. Approach of the Temple of Wady Saboua, Nubia.
32. View from under the Portico of Temple of Edfou, Upper Egypt.
33. One of two Colossal Statues of Rameses II. Entrance to the Temple of Luxor.
34. Temple of Edfou - Ancient Appolinopolis, Upper Egypt.
35. Dendera, Dec 1838 [Gateway].
36. Dendera, Dec 7th 1838 [Portico of the Temple].
37. Siout, Upper Egypt.
** Ruins of Karnac.**
38. Nubian Women at Kortie, on the Nile.
39. Grand Portico of the Temple of Philae, Nubia.
40. Entrance to the Caves of Beni Hassan.
41. Grand Approach to the Temple of Philae, Nubia.
42. Temple of Wady Saboua, Nubia.
Egypt and Nubia. Vol 2.
1. Frontispiece. Front Elevation of the Great Temple of Aboosimble, Nubia.
2. Vignette to title page. Great Gateway leading to the Temple of Karnac, Thebes.
3. Philae, Nov 18th 1838.
4. Group of Nubians, Wady Kardassy.
5. Fragments of the Great Colossi at the Memnorium, Thebes.
6. Fortress of Ibrim, Nubia.
7. Approach to The Fortress of Ibrim, Nubia.
8. Colossus in front of Temple of Wady Saboua, Nubia.
9. Ruins of Memnorium, Thebes, Dec 5th 1838.
10. A Persian Wheel, used in raising the Water from the Nile.
11. Entrance to the Temple of Amun, Thebes.
12. Island of Philoe, on the Nile, Nubia [Sunset].
13. Hager Setsilis.
14. Part of Hall of Columns at Karnak, Thebes.
15. Karnak, Nov 27rh, 1838 [View looking across the Hall of Columns].
16. Ruins - Temple of the Island of Biggeh, Nubia.
17. Karnac, Nov 29th, 1838 [The Dromos or First Court].
18. Remains of the Temple of Medamout, near Thebes.
19. Medinet Abou, Thebes., Dec 5th 1832 [Ruins of Christian Church].
20. Temple of Amdda of Hassaya in Nubia.
21. Medint About, Thebes. Dec 8th 1838.
22. Temple of Dandour, Nubia.
23. The Hypaethral Temple at Philae called the Bed of Pharaoh.
24. Temple of Isis on the roof of the great Temple of Dendera.
25. Pyramids of Geezeh.
26. Lateral View of the Temple called the Typhonaem at Dendera.
27. View from under the Portico of the Temple of Dendera.
28. Ruins of the Temple of Wady Kardeseh, Nubia.
29. General View of Essouan and The Island of Elephantine.
30. Obelisk of Heliopolis, 1839.
31. Karnac, Nov 29th 1838. [Oblique View of the Hall of Columns].
32. Temple at Wady Dabod, Nubia.
33. Karnak [General View looking towards Baban-el-Molook].
34. Dayr el Medineh, Thebes [View from under the Portico].
35. Entrance to the Tombs of the Kings of Thebes - Bab-el-Malouk.
36. Excavated Temples of Aboosimbel, Nubia.
37. Statues of Memnon at Thebes, during the Inundation.
38. Way Dabod, Nubia. Nov 16th 1838.
39. Grand Entrance to the Temple of Luxor.
40. Temple of Kalabshee, Nubia. Nov 1838.
41. Portico of the Temple. Edfou, Upper Egypt, Nov 24th 1838 [Facade of the Pronaos].
42. Hermont. Nov 26th 1838. Ancient Hermontin.
43. Kom Ombo, Nov 21st 1838.
[Uncoloured map to illustrate the sketches of David Roberts in Egypt & Nubia.]
Egypt and Nubia. Vol 3.
1. Frontispiece. Interview with the Viceroy of Egypt at his Palace, at Alexandria, May 12th 1839.
2. Vignette title page. Street Scene in Cairo.
3. Gate of Victory and Minaret of the Mosque El Hakim.
4. [Approach to] Alexandria.
5. Gates of Medwaleys, Cairo.
6. Minarets and Grand Entrance of the Metwaleys at Cairo.
7. Ruined Mosques in the Desert West of the Citadel.
8. Mosque of Sultan Hassan, Cairo.
9. One of the Tombs of the Khalifs, Cairo.
10. Bazaar of the Silk Mercers, Cairo.
11. Tombs of the Caliphs, Cairo.
12. Tombs of the Khalifs, Cairo [Mosque of the Sultan Kait bey].
13. The Minaret of the Mosque El Rhamree.
14. Cairo, looking West.
15. The Holy Tree, Metereah.
16. The Entrance to the Citadel of Cairo.
17. Tombs of the Caliphs, Cairo. Mosque of Ayed Bey.
18. Bazaar of the Coppersmiths, Cairo.
19. Minaret of the principal Mosque Siout, Upper Egypt.
20. Interior of the Mosque of the Metwaleys.
21. Tombs of the Memlooks, Cairo [with an Arab Funeral].
22. Grand Entrance to the Mosque of the Sultan Hassan.
23. Cairo [The Aqueduct of the Nile from the Island of Rhoda].
24. Mosque El Mooristan, Cairo.
25. Bullack, Cairo [Principal Mosque].
26. Cairo from the Gate of Citizeneb looking towards the Desert of Suez.
27. In the Slave Market at Cairo.
28. Approach of the Simoon - Desert of Gizeh.
29. The Nileometer, Island of Rhoda.
30. View of the Nile Ferry to Gizeh.
31. The Letter Writer, Cairo.
32. Modern Mansion shewing the arabesque architecture of Cairo.
33. Tombs of the Hemlocks, Cairo.
34. The Citadel of Cairo, Residence of Mehemet Ali.
35. The Coffee Shop.
36. Interior of the Mosque of The Sultan El Ghoree.
37. Dancing Girls at Cairo.
38. Mosque of the Sultan Hassan from the Great Square of the Rumeyleh.
The Holy Land. Part I.
[Frontis. An uncoloured portrait of David Roberts R.A.]
1. Title page. Entrance to the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.
2. Gate of Damascus, Jerusalem.
3. Greek Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.
4. Tomb of St. James. Valley of Jehoshophat, April 1830.
5. Jerusalem, from the Mount of Olives, April 8th 1839.
6. Entrance to the Tombs of the Kings, Jerusalem.
7. Mosque of Omar shewing the Site of the Temple.
8. Tomb of Zechariah. Valley of Jehosophat.
9. [Jerusalem from the South].
10. Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.
11. [The Pool of Bethesda].
12. Citadel of Jerusalem without the Walls.
13. The Shrine of the Holy Sepulchre, April 10th 1839.
14. Golden Gate of the Temple Shewing part of the ancient walls.
15. [Church of the Purification] Jerusalem.
16. Fountain of Siloam. Valley of Jehosophat.
17. Jerusalem [from the road leading to Bethany] April 5th 1839.
18. The Stone of Unction, Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
19. Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem [Chapel of St. Helena].
20. Fountain of Job. Valley of Hinnom.
21. Jerusalem [from the North]. April 19th 1839.
22. Lower Pool of Siloam. Valley of Jehosophat.
23. Citadel of Jerusalem [Entrance] April 19th 1839.
24. Absaloms Pillar. Valley of Jehosophat.
25. [Calvary] Jerusalem, April 10th 1839.
The Holy Land. Part II
1. Shrine of the Nativity, Bethlehem, April 6th 1839.
2. Bethlehem, April 6th 1839.
3. Bethany, April 1st 1839.
4. Chancel of the Church of St. Helena.
5. Encampment of Pilgrims, Jericho, April 1st 1839.
6. Descent upon the Valley of the Jordan, April 2nd 1839.
7. Banks of the Jordan, April 2nd 1839.
8. Jericho, April 3rd 1839.
9. The Dead Sea looking towards Moab, April 4th 1839.
10. Convent of St. Saba, April 4th 1839.
11. Chapel of the Convent of St. Saba, April 4th 1839.
12. Convent of St. Saba [Wilderness of Engedi] April 1839.
13. Mount Tabor from the Plains of Esdraelon. April 19th 1839.
14. Nazareth [General View] April 28th 1839.
15. Fountain of the Virgin. Nazareth, April 21st 1839.
16. Convent of the Terra Santa. Nazareth, April 21st 1839.
17. Shrine of the Annunciation, Nazareth, April 20th 1839.
18. Chapel of the Annunciation, Nazareth, April 28th 1839.
19. Fountain at Cana, April 21st 1839.
20. Site of Cana of Galilee, April 21st 1839.
21. Town of Tibarias, looking towards Lebanon.
22. Sea of Galilee, or Genezareth looking towards Bashan, April 21st 1839.
23. Tabarius from the Walls. Saffet in the Distance, April 22nd 1839.
24. City of Tiberias on the Sea of Galilee [loooking towards Hermon], April 22nd 1839.
25. Tomb of Joseph at Shechem, April 17th 1839.
26. Jacob's Well at Shechem, April 17th 1839.
27. Entrance to Nablous, April 17th 1839.
28. Nablous ancient Shechem, April 17th 1839.
29. Ruins of the Church of St. John, Sabaste.
30. Sebaste ancient Samaria, April 17th 1839.
The Holy Land. Part III.
1. Title page. Baalbec from the Fountain, May 7th 1839.
2. Beit Jebrin, March 7th 1839.
3. Hebron. March 18th 1839.
4. Semua [Ruins], March 16th 1839.
6. Ashdod, March 24th 1839.
7. Gaza, March 21st 1839.
8. Christian Church of St. George at Lud, ancient Lydda. March 29th 1839.
9. Jaffa, ancient Joppa, April 16th 1839.
10. Jaffa, March 26th 1839.
11. Caiphas looking towards Mount Carmel, April 24th 1839.
12. Ramla, ancient Arimathea, March 27th 1839.
13. St. Jean d'Acre, April 24th 1839 [from land].
14. St. Jean d'Acre, April 25th 1839.
15. Ras el Abiad, coast of Syria, April 26th 1839.
16. Port of Tyre, April 27th 1839.
17. Tsur, ancient Tyre, April 27th 1839.
18. Ruins [of an Ionic Temple] called Om El Hamed, near Tyre, April 25th 1839.
19. Tsur, ancient Tyre, from the Isthmus, April 27th 1839.
20. Sarepta, April 27rh 1839.
21. Sarda, ancient Sidon, April 28th 1839.
22. Sidon [from the North], April 29th 1839.
23. Sidon, looking towards Lebanon.
24. Citadel of Sidon, April 28th 1839.
25. Ruins of Baalbec, May 5th 1839.
26. Jenin, ancient Jezreel, April 17th 1839.
27. Baalbec [Remains of Western Portico.]
28. Lesser Temple of Baalbek, May 5th 1839.
29. Baalbec [The Doorway], May 7th 1839.
30. Circular Temple at Baalbec, Mat 7th 1839.
31. Ruins of the Eastern Portico of the Temple of Baalbec, May 6th 1839.
The Holy Land. Part IV.
1. Arabs of the Tribe of the Benisaid, Feb 17th 1839.
2. El Dier, Petra, March 8th 1839.
3. Mount Seir, Wady el Ghor, [Encampment of the Alloeen] March 4th 1839.
4.** Petra, March 7th 1839 [El Khasne].**
5. Approach to Petra. An Ancient Watch Tower commanding the Valley of El Ghor. Feb 5th 1839.
6. Temple called El Khasne, Petra, March 7th 1839.
7. Triumphal Arch across the Ravine leading to Petra.
8. Petra [Eastern End of the Valley], March 8th 1839.
9. Tomb of Aaron. Summit of Mount Hor, march 11th 1839.
10. Entrance to Petra [The Theatre], March 10th 1839.
11. Gerbil Hor [from the Cliffs encircling Petra]. March 5th 1839.
12. Remains of a Triumphal Arch at Petra, March 8th 1839.
13. Conference [of Arabs] at Wady Moosa, March 6th 1839.
14. Lower end of the valley showing the Acropolis, Petra. March 9th 1839.
15. Excavated Mansions of Petra. march 7th 1839.
16. [The Ravine] Petra, March 10th 1839.
17. Sepulchral Monuments, Petra, march 9th 1839.
18. Petra, looking South, March 9th 1839.
19. Fortress of Akabah, Arabia Petra. Feb 28th 1839.
20. Island of Graie, Gulf of Akabah - Arabia Petra, Feb 27th 1839.
21. The Convent of St. Catherine, Mount Sinai, Feb 21st 1839.
22. Encampment of the Aulad Sa'id, Mount Sinai, Feb 18th 1839.
23. Rock of Moses, Wady-el-Leja, Mount Horeb. Feb 22nd 1839.
24. Chapel of the Convent of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai, Feb 21st 1839.
25. Christian & Mahomedan Chapels on the Summit of Sinai. Feb 20th 1839.
26. Ascent of the lower of Sinai, Feb 18th 1839.
27. Ascent to the Summit of Sinai.
28. The Convent of St. Catherine, Mount Sinai looking towards the Plain of the Encampment, Feb 21st 1839.
29. Chapel of Elija on Mount Horeb, Feb 20th 1839.
30. Convent of St. Catherine with Mount Horeb, Feb 11th 1839.
31. Temple on gebel Garabe, called Surabit el Khadim, Feb 17th 1839.
32. [Principal court of the convent of St. Catherine]
33. [Ayun Musa] Wells of Moses - Wilderness of Tyn, Feb 12th 1839.
34. Approach to Mount Sinai, Wady Barah, Feb 17th 1839.
35. Quay at Suez, Feb 11th 1839.
36. Suez [General View], Feb 11th 1839.
** not included in the list of plates.
- Abbey Travel I 272 & II 385; Tooley 401 & 402; Blackmer 1432; Gay 25; Ibrahim-Hilmy II, p.176; Lipperheide 27; Tobler p. 229; Bobins 160.
- Hand coloured plates
- Animals, Costume, Culture/Lifestyle, Holy Land, Map, Travel/Scenery
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